The cultural heritage of all our legends is a common value. It concerns material and, above all, spiritual objects. The importance of this heritage in shaping societies is demonstrated by the fact that it is protected under the UNESCO Convention of 1972, which recognized its protection as part of a basic human right. Poland also ratified this convention in 2003 to document the living intangible heritage of our country.
This cultural heritage is a common roots, it aims to maintain regional, national and European traditions. Europe's survival as a community depends on the vitality of these traditions.
All these values ??are made up of history, literature, art, philosophy and religion. All these values ??appear in fairy tales and legends, after all, imagination has creative power and affects the understanding of this culture. Fantastic interpretation of past events gives culture artistic, but also moral value, teaches good behavior, shapes the character of these communities. It carries the conviction of the value of honest work, which is always rewarded, high in the hierarchy of heroes of people with a big heart, although poor, who can share what they have with others. working
That is why these fairy tales and legends have fascinated artists for centuries, they were given various literary and theatrical forms, appeared in paintings, appeared in films. So it should not surprise anyone that the same fantastic stories have several versions today, which also applies to the legends discussed in our Parsifal project, The title hero himself had an opera spectacle, many film realizations, illustrations in paintings and book miniatures, as well as stained glass and murals. Each time presented in the same way although told differently. Regardless of the artistic version, Parsifal will always be a model of courage.
Fantasy is characterized by great freedom in the construction of the depicted world and the characters' characters, everything is possible here, the real world is intertwined with the unreal and it gives everyone more emotion. It allows people today and also allowed to break away from the sometimes gloomy reality. It allows you to escape to another better world. In such an imaginary world of fairy tales and legends, one value dominates. In this pseudo-reality, good always wins after hardships and struggles, and noble heroes win against the bad ones. It is only important for the recipient to recognize the work as a coherent whole, operating within the world created by the author. Cultural heritage is a common dream for a better world, where there is constant spring, inviolable peace prevails, diseases do not have access to its shores, and the land is fertile as in the legendary land of Avalon, so close toParsifal.
The cultural legacy of Polish legends, which are the first element of folklore and tradition, looks similar. They are also the first stories that a child meets. They teach us the history of our nation and teach us what is good and what is bad. If the child's life from the beginning is filled with fairy tales and legends, he will learn to distinguish values, take root in them and learn the price of work and life.
Cultural heritage is also folk folklore and its rites, customs and various interesting ways of spending time with family and friends. The variety of these forms gives everyone the opportunity to learn about the old culture and a chance to have fun.
In the comparative analysis of Polish legends and legends of our partners presented below, there is a variety of elements of cultural heritage. They include in turn: the ability of man to use natural resources, life-giving water and the element of fire, the space of caves and grottos as a place for the formation of new civilizations, the importance of bread and honey as gifts of nature, sanctifying the mountains by building temples on the hills, festivals and cultural events , heraldry, monuments, works of art, emblems, museums, castles, literature, nature reserves, flags, banners, signs, symbols and culture of ethnic minorities