The purpose of Legends in the life of the nation is to convey the most important knowledge of philosophical, historical and mythology, to cultivate respect for the surrounding environment and our past. The legends tell us how the landscape of the living area of our tribes was formed, who built cities, castles, and churches, what was the fate of the people living in this area. Natural and historical monuments released from the environment attracted the attention of people, stimulated to interpret the reasons for their occurrence. The result of the interaction of Earth's relief observations and the similar to the truth or the fantastic stories of the past is folk legends, tales are unbelievable, but capable of convincing their truths. Legends can be called in the minds of men and in the landscape, framed by the nation's memory, the history of the nation.
Legends have changed, adapted to the changeable world and its perception. Different or even contradictory works are associated with the same monument. Very similar natural and historical monuments exist in many Lithuanian areas or even other countries. Therefore, the origin of lakes, hills or mounds is very similarly explained. Hundreds of years of development, substitution, and forgotten processes have shaped national and international scenes that have spread across the regions.
Lithuania is not a rocky country, so unusually large rocks in flat fields and forests have long awakened people's imagination. How did a solitary boulder weighing several hundred tons emerge on the plain? Maybe the devil lost from the bag? And maybe the fairies beneath them hid their riches? Legends teach us not only to listen to the silence of the earth, but also to protect it from harm.
Legends tell about the stones brought by the living or strong creatures, convincing those rocks not to delete. In fact, the boulders in our country have brought tens of thousands of years ago by scrolling through the glacies. These are natural monuments of nature, to worship in ancient times, legendary, used as altars during rituals. It was believed that it turns out a ghost near one of the stones, others on their seats give fertility or strength. Some boulders are considered sacred or cursed.
No less interesting, important characters of legends: Dukes, Giants, goddesses, fairies, thunder, animals. Particularly common mythological figures are devils, fairies, forces of nature, because Lithuanians are the last European pagans who worshiped nature. The culturally strongest link is felt with the neighbors ' poles, whose mythology is similar to the long-standing communication and convergence of the peoples. An example is the legend "Demon Biesas and Chad (Biesas and Hero Sanas)", in which the devil Biesas is surrounded by natural nature, living in forests. He hates people.
Very important are the legends of Peoples ' origin (Ethnicogenetic legend), which were very widespread. Brito (Bruto) gave the name to Britain, from Krako – Krakow, from Barkas – Jurbarkas, from Kuno – Kaunas... Tying legendary names gave legends credibility, linked the legendary hero to the nation.