Over the centuries many legends have been handed down from generation to generation and in every tale the most important part is represented by the cultural heritage which is the main connector with the other European countries.
The heritage of a country has always been essential because it has made society grow according to the same traditions, customs and languages, and actually the legends are the ones that give a lot of relevance to the heritage of a country and which have often helped people describe and pass on their artistic, architectural and cultural richness, which is indeed present in every monument, tradition and artistic form typical of each country.
The majority of the legends have a religious heritage, due to the history and the traditions of Italy. In the Italian world view, the presence of religious symbols, such as churches, abbeys or the cross, is very important. For example, the legend “Beautiful Alda” mentions the Monastery of the Sagra of Saint Michele and the Archangel Michael. We can find another religious building in the legend “The Devil’s Column”. The basilica of Saint Ambrogi, in Milan is the setting of the legend. Italian history is also rich of Saints and their representations. For example, the main character of the legend “Saint George and the dragon”, Saint George, is represented on the façade of an ancient palace in Genoa (palace Saint George), while he is fighting and winning against the dragon of the legend. In the Montesiepi Church, relevant in the legend “Saint Galgano and the sword in the rock”, together with the sword in the rock in the middle of the church floor, it is possible to admire some religious paintings by Ambrogio Lorenzetti.
It is quite evident, then, that the religious heritage is closely related to the artistic heritage of Italy, as the religious buildings in the legends are also quite important works of art in themselves. The Sagra di San Michele, Mostesiepi Church, the Basilica di San Galganoand the Basilica di Sant’Ambrogio are important artistic buildings which are known all over Italy and which attract many visitors and tourists. We can say that the religious heritage and the artistic heritage cooperate to make these places outstanding examples of Italian culture.
Another type of heritage that is present in these legends is the natural- one. This one is present in particular in “Lake Misurina and Mount Sorapiss”. The Dolomites, which are the setting of this legend, are known also as “the Pale mountains”, and have been part of UNESCO since 2009. Mountains, rivers, lakes and forests are part of the natural national heritage of every country and they are often protected areas or national parks. Also the legend of "Scylla and Charibdis" is a tribute to the beautiful natural marine landscape, which can be both attractive for its beauty or dangerous for the havoc that a very rough sea can create.
The last type of heritage, present in these legends is the historical one. A striking example is the Italian legend of “Romolo and Remo and the Foundation of Rome”. This legend explains, not only the origins of the city of Rome, but also the origins of its founders Romolo and Remo. History also plays an important part in the legend “the Devil’s Column” and in “Saint Galgano and the sword in the rock, which are set in the medieval period and refer to some relevant episodes in Italian history.