The heroes of legends are known for their heroic deeds that are often acts of great courage in front of insurmountable adversities that are overcome thanks to legendary magic objects. These objects, which are also used by ordinary people, often have magical features. In fact they are very rare and desired by the characters who would do anything to get them. The legends are remembered thanks to magical objects which can be of any nature and of any material. Some legends are linked by the presence of rocks or stones that have different functions throughout the story and can also be magical. In some tales there is the element of fire which has often assumed symbolic importance for many religions and cultural traditions, being an image of power and action.
Legends are often set in natural places such as glades, ponds, riverbanks where civilizations and cultures developed. Also forests or woods are considered as magical and mysterious places. For example, according to Romanian mythology, the lele (similar to fairies) appear in the moonlight on tops of trees like maples and walnuts. Many legends centre around caves which are the oldest sanctuaries of humanity, if we think about the rock paintings of prehistoric times. The darkness and gloom of caves are usually associated with evil and wickedness. Mountainous and hilly landscapes are also often found in legends. In fact mountains have been the residence of gods since ancient times because of their majesty and eternal presence. Mountains have also represented the link between men and gods. In the Italian legends it is usually the alpine region characterized by the presence of huge mountains, stones or rocks that is the chosen setting for the story. . Both Beautiful Alda and Lake Misurina take place in the Alps, in a rocky landscape. Lake Misurina is also a typical example of a legend born to explain an amazing phenomenon of nature, with which people explained the thousand colourful reflections that you can notice in the lake. In fact, in ancient times, legends were frequently used to explain the creation of beautiful places that people thought were born by magic. Besides the mountains, Italy is reknown by beautiful clear waters of the Mediterranea sea and by its coasts. However, such a beautiful sea can turn treacherous and dangerous due to the undercurrents and the strong winds; this is what happens in the strait of Messina, whose rough waters have been explained by the mischievous behaviour of the two monsters, Scylla and Charibdis.
There are some legends that take place in cities or villages besieged by evil characters (dragons, devils); others take place during moments of daily life, for example while working in a bakery or in a mine. Many legends take place in religious places such as churches and monasteries and they often explain the construction of a sacred building. The most common setting in nature where the legends take place is the village, populated by farmers, among whom, sometimes a hero or a knight emerges, as it happens in the legends of Saint George and Saint Galgano. These heroes share the most common object used by a real knight; the sword. For Saint George the sword indicates the power of good that dominates over evil and for Saint Galgano it indicates the sacred place where he decides to devote his life to God. In both legends, the sword stands for a positive image, it is the weapon used to defeat evil.
Speaking about the most common objects, besides the sword, Italian legends present very frequently many magic items. These may be of various types, for example the magic mirror in Lake Misurina