The uniqueness and peculiarity of each country is revealed in legends that testify to the heritage of the national culture cherished and protected from generation to generation. Heritage is what we have inherited, both materially and spiritually: buildings, historical sites, archaeological, sacred or natural objects, as well as traditions. We refer to this legacy as the identity of the nation. In 1992, Lithuania joined UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, which adopted the Convention on the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, which declares that the heritage of each nation is the heritage of all nations that must be known and preserved. The historical originality of Lithuania, the abundance and diversity of folklore, the respect for nature and its monuments were determined by the complex flow of historical events and the longest retention of paganism in Europe. The Lithuanians maintained a special connection with nature, which rescued them from enemies and fed them. What is interesting and surprising is the fact that legends, tales and myths were created throughout the European region with the emphasis on the same or similar heritage sites. This is a testament to the fact that the cultures of European countries share many commonalities and are a common heritage of our identity. One of the most interesting legends is the story of the founding of cities. It is an invaluable historical testimony that reveals to members of the community their roots and helps them understand their identity. These timeless stories often reflect the desire to emphasize the grandeur of their origins, the strength of their rulers, their exceptional destiny. Special stories encourage the local community to become more interested in the city in which it lives, to establish a personal connection with it, to familiarize itself with its urban and architectural heritage, and to help travelers learn more about the history and traditions of the geographical areas they visit. Ancient legends often refer to natural heritage sites. It is natural, because man has always lived in contact with nature, was part of it. Particular respect for the natural heritage is felt in the archaic legends, dating back to pagan times. Man respected nature, paid great attention to its wonderful miracles, and always wanted to explain their occurrence. This is how legends about geological objects were created: stones of impressive size or unusual shapes, rocks, boulders, caves, fossils. Often mystical legends mention the hydrographic natural heritage: lakes, rivers, islands, waterfalls, slopes, springs. Being one of the main elements of the world, water is very common in legends. It connects the major strands of the world (heaven, earth and underworld) and marks the beginning and the end of the world (the emergence of the world from the primeval ocean floor and its submergence in the depths of the flood). Even within the same mythical system, heaven and underworld, flowing rivers, springs and stagnant waters, lakes, fresh rain and salt sea, living and dead, are completely differently conceived and valued. The symbolism of water in the myths of the peoples of Europe is extremely broad and varied.
There are stories of extraordinary beauty, extraordinary terrain - mountain complexes, mounds, bays, sand dunes, sanctuaries, parks. Often these are special places, the formation of which is influenced by the conflicts of gods, and there are various mythical creatures. The symbolism of the summit is associated with the power of God. Today, we pay homage to the natural heritage of our ancestral legends, take pride in the uniqueness of our country and invite you to look for similarities and differences for those interested in legends from other European countries